Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry devoted to the diagnosis, interception and treatment of dental and skeletal malocclusions. The objective is to improve function and aesthetics. Dental alignment problems and occlusion may be due to genetic or developmental causes.
An orthodontist is a dentist specialized in this branch of dentistry. He/she properly elaborates the treatment plan, installation and monitoring of the orthodontic appliances necessary to the alignment of teeth, jaws and soft tissues.
The majority of these problems can cause both a functional and aesthetic condition. In some cases, dental hygiene may be more difficult due to dental overlap and increase the risk of cavities and gum problems. Also, the way the teeth close together may not be adequate and cause functional problems in the short, medium and long term. After the initial consultation, the orthodontist will tell you if treatment is needed or not, and if it is, the type of appliance that may be used depending on the problem: braces (metal or ceramic) or other types of appliances (fixed or removable). Typically, orthodontic treatment lasts between one to three years. Patient cooperation, both in terms of hygiene, nutrition and carefulness, is essential to the success of the treatment.